National Trust
Wasdale Head, Central Lakes

Details for National Trust

Tranquil Wastewater
valley of St. John

The National Trust are responsible for the preservation and restoration of some of the most stunning areas of the country, not least within the Lake District. Founded in the 1800's the trust has now ensured that future generations will be able to enjoy some of the splendours of our heritage. 

It was in response to the erosion of the countryside posed by the relentless march of Victorian industrialisation that the trust was set up in 1895. Its founders, inspired by the common goals of protecting and conserving Britain’s national heritage and widening public access to it, were Sir Robert Hunter Octavia Hill and Canon Rawnsley: respectively a solicitor, a social reformer and clergyman. The latter was particularly influential. As a canon of Carlisle Cathedral and vicar of Crosthwaite (near Keswick), he was concerned about threats to the Lake District and had already been active in protecting footpaths and promoting public access to open countryside.

After the flooding of Thirlmere in 1879 to create a large reservoir, he became increasingly convinced that the only effective way to guarantee protection was outright ownership of land. The purpose of National Trust is to preserve areas of natural beauty and sites of historic interest by acquisition, holding them in trust for the nation and making them available for public access and enjoyment. Some of its properties have been acquired through purchase, but many have been donated. Nowadays it is not only one of the biggest landowners in the country, but also one of the most active conservation charities, protecting 581,113 acres (253,176 ha) of land, including 555miles (892km) of coastline, and over 300 historic properties in England, Wales and Northern Ireland.

(There is a separate National...


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National Trust
Wasdale Head
CA20 1EX
0870 458 4000

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Dalton Castle

Dalton-in-Furness, South Lakes

The National Trust site of Dalton Castle remains, in the centre of Dalton, stand as a reminder of the Scottish invasions and the turbulent history of the village. The magnificent dungeon tower is...